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Up-to-Date Glossary of Legal Terms

Legal terms are important, regardless if you’re in the law field or not, as you may encounter these words in one way or another in writing or conversation. Take a look and find out what they mean. Also, feel free to use our sentence fragment checker tool!


Up to Date Glossary of Legal Terms

Acquittal: It is an act of deciding that the criminal defendant is not guilty of the crime or it is the verdict of a judge wherein he resolved that the evidence is insufficient in supporting the conviction

Active judge: It is a judge who has a full time service in court

Admissible: It is a term that is used in describing that the evidence can be considered by the judge in criminal or civil cases.

Adversary proceeding: It is the lawsuit arises in or it is related to a bankruptcy case that begins through filing a complaint in the court.

Affidavit: It is a printed or written statement that is made under oath.

Affirmed: It means that the court of appeals has concluded that the decision of the lower court is correct.

Alternative dispute resolution: It is the procedure in settling dispute outside the courtroom.

Amicus curiae: It means friends of the court.

Appeal: It means to make a request.

Appellant: It is a term used to describe a person who appeals a decision from the decree or judicial decision

Appellate: It is having the power to change and review the decisions made by the lower court.

Appellee: It is a person who opposes the appeal of the appellant and seeks persuading the appeals court in affirming the district court’s decision.

Arraignment: It is to state the charges of the criminal defendant against someone who is being accused of the crime in a formal procedure before the judge.

Assets: It is a term used to state the property of all kinds, which include personal and real, intangible and tangible.

Assume: It is an agreement in continuing the performing duties under a lease or contract.

Automatic stay: It is an injunction that stops lawsuits automatically, garnishments and foreclosures of collection activities against the debtor by the moment that the bankruptcy petition is being filed.

Bail: It is the temporary release of the prisoner in exchange for a security given for due appearance of the prisoner.

Bench trial: It is a trial without the jury in which the judge serves as the fact finder.

Brief: It is a written statement that is submitted in an appellate or trial proceeding explaining one side of factual or legal arguments.

Burden of proof: The duty of proving a disputed charge or assertion

Certiorari: It is the order of the court to review the proceedings and decision in the lower court.

Conviction: It is a judgment of guilt against the criminal defendant.

De facto: It means actually or in fact

Deed: It is the written legal document describing a piece of property outlining its boundaries.

Evidence: It is the information presented in documents or testimony, which are used in persuading the jury or judge to decide a case in favor of the defendant or complainant.

Immunity: It is the exemption from penalty or legal duty.

Indictment: It is an official written statement that charges a person with a crime.

Information: It is a formal accusation by the government attorney that the person (defendant) committed a misdemeanor

Judgment: It is the official decision of the court that finally resolves the dispute between parties of a lawsuit.

Litigation: It is a lawsuit, controversy or case.

There you have the legal terms to know whether you are a law practitioner or student in the field. This list could be really useful during writing a paper of some letter.

Refer to this list and check out 30 legal terms that you might encounter today!

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